Silk has been produced for centuries with some of its first sightings being traced as far back as 70 BC. For a long time China, and other Asian civilizations, kept the production of silk a secret from Western cultures all together. Today, China and Japan are still the leading producers of silk, manufacturing about 50% of all the world’s silk each year.
Silk is a thin yet sturdy fiber that comes from silkworms when they are creating cocoons. The process of creating silk starts with a moth laying about 500 eggs. The worms that hatch are fed and cared for until they begin to spin cocoons. Silk manufacturers then sort these cocoons according to color, size, and texture because these factors affect the quality of silk. The cocoons are steamed, chilled, and softened to kill the growing moths inside and loosen the threads of silk. After this, the cocoons are unwound and then rewound into continuous silk threads. Finally, the silk threads are woven into a cloth and pounded until they are soft.
In order to make silk into scarves, the silk is delicately dyed on a patterned template, dried, and cut to the right dimensions. Watch the video below that shows how LINEA Germania scarves are ethically produced by Nepali artists!